Research Summary
Professor of Pediatrics Section of Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation
Connexins, Gap Junctions, Intercellular Junctions, Lens, Eye, Cataract, Exosomes, Endothelial Cells, Arrhythmia, Cardiac, Sickle Cell Disease, Cell Biology, Translational Medical Research, Ion Channel, Extracellular vessicles, Cancer
  • University of Chicago, AB Biological Sciences
  • UCSD, PHD Physiology and Pharmacology
  • UCSD, MD Medicine
  • Children's Hospital, Boston, Internship and Residency Pediatrics
  • Children's Hospital and Dana Farber Cancer Center, Boston, Fellowship Pediatric Hematology/Oncology
Awards & Honors
  • - American Society for Clinical Investigation
  • - Fellow, American Heart Association
  • - Society for Pediatric Research
  1. Gemel J, Zhang J, Mao Y, Lapping-Carr G, Beyer EC. Circulating Small Extracellular Vesicles May Contribute to Vaso-Occlusive Crises in Sickle Cell Disease. J Clin Med. 2022 Feb 03; 11(3). View in: PubMed

  2. Minogue PJ, Tong JJ, Wichmann K, Mysliwiec H, Ebihara L, Beyer EC, Berthoud VM. Cataract-linked serine mutations in the gap junction protein connexin50 expose a sorting signal that promotes its lysosomal degradation. J Biol Chem. 2022 03; 298(3):101673. View in: PubMed

  3. Tong JJ, Khan U, Haddad BG, Minogue PJ, Beyer EC, Berthoud VM, Reichow SL, Ebihara L. Molecular mechanisms underlying enhanced hemichannel function of a cataract-associated Cx50 mutant. Biophys J. 2021 12 21; 120(24):5644-5656. View in: PubMed

  4. Lapping-Carr G, Gemel J, Mao Y, Sparks G, Harrington M, Peddinti R, Beyer EC. Insights image for "Circulating extracellular vesicles from patients with acute chest syndrome disrupt adherens junctions between endothelial cells". Pediatr Res. 2021 03; 89(4):1036. View in: PubMed

  5. Gemel J, Mao Y, Lapping-Carr G, Beyer EC. Gap Junctions between Endothelial Cells Are Disrupted by Circulating Extracellular Vesicles from Sickle Cell Patients with Acute Chest Syndrome. Int J Mol Sci. 2020 Nov 24; 21(23). View in: PubMed

  6. Jara O, Minogue PJ, Berthoud VM, Beyer EC. Do Connexin Mutants Cause Cataracts by Perturbing Glutathione Levels and Redox Metabolism in the Lens? Biomolecules. 2020 10 07; 10(10). View in: PubMed

  7. Lapping-Carr G, Gemel J, Mao Y, Beyer EC. Circulating Extracellular Vesicles and Endothelial Damage in Sickle Cell Disease. Front Physiol. 2020; 11:1063. View in: PubMed

  8. Berthoud VM, Gao J, Minogue PJ, Jara O, Mathias RT, Beyer EC. Connexin Mutants Compromise the Lens Circulation and Cause Cataracts through Biomineralization. Int J Mol Sci. 2020 Aug 13; 21(16). View in: PubMed

  9. Lapping-Carr G, Gemel J, Mao Y, Sparks G, Harrington M, Peddinti R, Beyer EC. Circulating extracellular vesicles from patients with acute chest syndrome disrupt adherens junctions between endothelial cells. Pediatr Res. 2021 03; 89(4):776-784. View in: PubMed

  10. Dai W, Nadadur RD, Brennan JA, Smith HL, Shen KM, Gadek M, Laforest B, Wang M, Gemel J, Li Y, Zhang J, Ziman BD, Yan J, Ai X, Beyer EC, Lakata EG, Kasthuri N, Efimov IR, Broman MT, Moskowitz IP, Shen L, Weber CR. ZO-1 Regulates Intercalated Disc Composition and Atrioventricular Node Conduction. Circ Res. 2020 07 03; 127(2):e28-e43. View in: PubMed

  11. Jara O, Mysliwiec H, Minogue PJ, Berthoud VM, Beyer EC. p62/Sequestosome 1 levels increase and phosphorylation is altered in Cx50D47A lenses, but deletion of p62/sequestosome 1 does not improve transparency. Mol Vis. 2020; 26:204-215. View in: PubMed

  12. Minogue PJ, Beyer EC, Berthoud VM. CHOP is dispensable for lens transparency in wild-type and connexin50 mutant mice. Mol Vis. 2019; 25:535-545. View in: PubMed

  13. Berthoud VM, Gao J, Minogue PJ, Jara O, Mathias RT, Beyer EC. The Connexin50D47A Mutant Causes Cataracts by Calcium Precipitation. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2019 05 01; 60(6):2336-2346. View in: PubMed

  14. Gemel J, Kilkus J, Dawson G, Beyer EC. Connecting Exosomes and Connexins. Cancers (Basel). 2019 Apr 04; 11(4). View in: PubMed

  15. Jara O, Minogue PJ, Berthoud VM, Beyer EC. Chemical chaperone treatment improves levels and distributions of connexins in Cx50D47A mouse lenses. Exp Eye Res. 2018 10; 175:192-198. View in: PubMed

  16. Gao J, Minogue PJ, Beyer EC, Mathias RT, Berthoud VM. Disruption of the lens circulation causes calcium accumulation and precipitates in connexin mutant mice. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2018 04 01; 314(4):C492-C503. View in: PubMed

  17. Leybaert L, Lampe PD, Dhein S, Kwak BR, Ferdinandy P, Beyer EC, Laird DW, Naus CC, Green CR, Schulz R. Connexins in Cardiovascular and Neurovascular Health and Disease: Pharmacological Implications. Pharmacol Rev. 2017 10; 69(4):396-478. View in: PubMed

  18. Kuo DS, Sokol JT, Minogue PJ, Berthoud VM, Slavotinek AM, Beyer EC, Gould DB. Characterization of a variant of gap junction protein a8 identified in a family with hereditary cataract. PLoS One. 2017; 12(8):e0183438. View in: PubMed

  19. Minogue PJ, Gao J, Zoltoski RK, Novak LA, Mathias RT, Beyer EC, Berthoud VM. Physiological and Optical Alterations Precede the Appearance of Cataracts in Cx46fs380 Mice. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2017 08 01; 58(10):4366–4374. View in: PubMed

  20. Zhong G, Akoum N, Appadurai DA, Hayrapetyan V, Ahmed O, Martinez AD, Beyer EC, Moreno AP. Mono-Heteromeric Configurations of Gap Junction Channels Formed by Connexin43 and Connexin45 Reduce Unitary Conductance and Determine both Voltage Gating and Metabolic Flux Asymmetry. Front Physiol. 2017; 8:346. View in: PubMed

  21. Beyer EC, Berthoud VM. Gap junction gene and protein families: Connexins, innexins, and pannexins. Biochim Biophys Acta Biomembr. 2018 Jan; 1860(1):5-8. View in: PubMed

  22. Senthil Kumar G, Dinesh Kumar K, Minogue PJ, Berthoud VM, Kannan R, Beyer EC, Santhiya ST. The E368Q Mutant Allele of GJA8 is Associated with Congenital Cataracts with Intrafamilial Variation in a South Indian Family. Open Access J Ophthalmol. 2016; 1(1). View in: PubMed

  23. Beyer EC, Berthoud VM. Gap junction structure: unraveled, but not fully revealed. F1000Res. 2017; 6:568. View in: PubMed

  24. Lapping-Carr G, Khalyfa A, Rangel S, Darlington W, Beyer EC, Peddinti R, Cunningham JM, Gozal D. Exosomes contribute to endothelial integrity and acute chest syndrome risk: Preliminary findings. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2017 Nov; 52(11):1478-1485. View in: PubMed

  25. Gemel J, Su Z, Gileles-Hillel A, Khalyfa A, Gozal D, Beyer EC. Intermittent hypoxia causes NOX2-dependent remodeling of atrial connexins. BMC Cell Biol. 2017 01 17; 18(Suppl 1):7. View in: PubMed

  26. Berthoud VM, Minogue PJ, Lambert PA, Snabb JI, Beyer EC. The Cataract-linked Mutant Connexin50D47A Causes Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress in Mouse Lenses. J Biol Chem. 2016 08 19; 291(34):17569-78. View in: PubMed

  27. Berthoud VM, Minogue PJ, Snabb JI, Dzhashiashvili Y, Novak LA, Zoltoski RK, Popko B, Beyer EC. Connexin23 deletion does not affect lens transparency. Exp Eye Res. 2016 05; 146:283-288. View in: PubMed

  28. Beyer EC. Are these connexins compatible and does it matter? Channels (Austin). 2015; 9(2):63-4. View in: PubMed

  29. Tong JJ, Minogue PJ, Kobeszko M, Beyer EC, Berthoud VM, Ebihara L. The connexin46 mutant, Cx46T19M, causes loss of gap junction function and alters hemi-channel gating. J Membr Biol. 2015 Feb; 248(1):145-55. View in: PubMed

  30. Gemel J, Levy AE, Simon AR, Bennett KB, Ai X, Akhter S, Beyer EC. Connexin40 abnormalities and atrial fibrillation in the human heart. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2014 Nov; 76:159-68. View in: PubMed

  31. Berthoud VM, Minogue PJ, Yu H, Snabb JI, Beyer EC. Connexin46fs380 causes progressive cataracts. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2014 Aug 07; 55(10):6639-48. View in: PubMed

  32. Gemel J, Simon AR, Patel D, Xu Q, Matiukas A, Veenstra RD, Beyer EC. Degradation of a connexin40 mutant linked to atrial fibrillation is accelerated. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2014 Sep; 74:330-9. View in: PubMed

  33. O'Donnell JJ, Birukova AA, Beyer EC, Birukov KG. Gap junction protein connexin43 exacerbates lung vascular permeability. PLoS One. 2014; 9(6):e100931. View in: PubMed

  34. Beyer EC, Berthoud VM. Connexin hemichannels in the lens. Front Physiol. 2014; 5:20. View in: PubMed

  35. Patel D, Gemel J, Xu Q, Simon AR, Lin X, Matiukas A, Beyer EC, Veenstra RD. Atrial fibrillation-associated connexin40 mutants make hemichannels and synergistically form gap junction channels with novel properties. FEBS Lett. 2014 Apr 17; 588(8):1458-64. View in: PubMed

  36. Berthoud VM, Minogue PJ, Osmolak P, Snabb JI, Beyer EC. Roles and regulation of lens epithelial cell connexins. FEBS Lett. 2014 Apr 17; 588(8):1297-303. View in: PubMed

  37. Rutledge CA, Ng FS, Sulkin MS, Greener ID, Sergeyenko AM, Liu H, Gemel J, Beyer EC, Sovari AA, Efimov IR, Dudley SC. c-Src kinase inhibition reduces arrhythmia inducibility and connexin43 dysregulation after myocardial infarction. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014 Mar 11; 63(9):928-34. View in: PubMed

  38. Berthoud VM, Minogue PJ, Yu H, Schroeder R, Snabb JI, Beyer EC. Connexin50D47A decreases levels of fiber cell connexins and impairs lens fiber cell differentiation. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 Nov 19; 54(12):7614-22. View in: PubMed

  39. Beyer EC, Lin X, Veenstra RD. Interfering amino terminal peptides and functional implications for heteromeric gap junction formation. Front Pharmacol. 2013; 4:67. View in: PubMed

  40. Minogue PJ, Beyer EC, Berthoud VM. A connexin50 mutant, CX50fs, that causes cataracts is unstable, but is rescued by a proteasomal inhibitor. J Biol Chem. 2013 Jul 12; 288(28):20427-34. View in: PubMed

  41. Beyer EC, Ebihara L, Berthoud VM. Connexin mutants and cataracts. Front Pharmacol. 2013; 4:43. View in: PubMed

  42. Yan J, Kong W, Zhang Q, Beyer EC, Walcott G, Fast VG, Ai X. c-Jun N-terminal kinase activation contributes to reduced connexin43 and development of atrial arrhythmias. Cardiovasc Res. 2013 Mar 01; 97(3):589-97. View in: PubMed

  43. Senthil Kumar G, Kyle JW, Minogue PJ, Dinesh Kumar K, Vasantha K, Berthoud VM, Beyer EC, Santhiya ST. An MIP/AQP0 mutation with impaired trafficking and function underlies an autosomal dominant congenital lamellar cataract. Exp Eye Res. 2013 May; 110:136-41. View in: PubMed

  44. Jara O, Acuña R, García IE, Maripillán J, Figueroa V, Sáez JC, Araya-Secchi R, Lagos CF, Pérez-Acle T, Berthoud VM, Beyer EC, Martínez AD. Critical role of the first transmembrane domain of Cx26 in regulating oligomerization and function. Mol Biol Cell. 2012 Sep; 23(17):3299-311. View in: PubMed

  45. Gemel J, Nelson TK, Burt JM, Beyer EC. Inducible coexpression of connexin37 or connexin40 with connexin43 selectively affects intercellular molecular transfer. J Membr Biol. 2012 Jun; 245(5-6):231-41. View in: PubMed

  46. Smith TD, Mohankumar A, Minogue PJ, Beyer EC, Berthoud VM, Koval M. Cytoplasmic amino acids within the membrane interface region influence connexin oligomerization. J Membr Biol. 2012 Jun; 245(5-6):221-30. View in: PubMed

  47. Beyer EC, Lipkind GM, Kyle JW, Berthoud VM. Structural organization of intercellular channels II. Amino terminal domain of the connexins: sequence, functional roles, and structure. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2012 Aug; 1818(8):1823-30. View in: PubMed

  48. Allen MJ, Gemel J, Beyer EC, Lal R. Atomic force microscopy of Connexin40 gap junction hemichannels reveals calcium-dependent three-dimensional molecular topography and open-closed conformations of both the extracellular and cytoplasmic faces. J Biol Chem. 2011 Jun 24; 286(25):22139-46. View in: PubMed

  49. Lichtenstein A, Minogue PJ, Beyer EC, Berthoud VM. Autophagy: a pathway that contributes to connexin degradation. J Cell Sci. 2011 Mar 15; 124(Pt 6):910-20. View in: PubMed

  50. Martínez AD, Maripillán J, Acuña R, Minogue PJ, Berthoud VM, Beyer EC. Different domains are critical for oligomerization compatibility of different connexins. Biochem J. 2011 May 15; 436(1):35-43. View in: PubMed

  51. Saffitz JE, Hoyt RH, Luke RA, Lee Kanter H, Beyer EC. Cardiac myocyte interconnections at gap junctions Role in normal and abnormal electrical conduction. Trends Cardiovasc Med. 1992 Mar-Apr; 2(2):56-60. View in: PubMed

  52. Tong JJ, Minogue PJ, Guo W, Chen TL, Beyer EC, Berthoud VM, Ebihara L. Different consequences of cataract-associated mutations at adjacent positions in the first extracellular boundary of connexin50. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2011 May; 300(5):C1055-64. View in: PubMed

  53. Graw J, Schmidt W, Minogue PJ, Rodriguez J, Tong JJ, Klopp N, Illig T, Ebihara L, Berthoud VM, Beyer EC. The GJA8 allele encoding CX50I247M is a rare polymorphism, not a cataract-causing mutation. Mol Vis. 2009 Sep 14; 15:1881-5. View in: PubMed

  54. Minogue PJ, Tong JJ, Arora A, Russell-Eggitt I, Hunt DM, Moore AT, Ebihara L, Beyer EC, Berthoud VM. A mutant connexin50 with enhanced hemichannel function leads to cell death. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 Dec; 50(12):5837-45. View in: PubMed

  55. Lin X, Gemel J, Glass A, Zemlin CW, Beyer EC, Veenstra RD. Connexin40 and connexin43 determine gating properties of atrial gap junction channels. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2010 Jan; 48(1):238-45. View in: PubMed

  56. Kyle JW, Berthoud VM, Kurutz J, Minogue PJ, Greenspan M, Hanck DA, Beyer EC. The N terminus of connexin37 contains an alpha-helix that is required for channel function. J Biol Chem. 2009 Jul 24; 284(30):20418-27. View in: PubMed

  57. Lichtenstein A, Gaietta GM, Deerinck TJ, Crum J, Sosinsky GE, Beyer EC, Berthoud VM. The cytoplasmic accumulations of the cataract-associated mutant, Connexin50P88S, are long-lived and form in the endoplasmic reticulum. Exp Eye Res. 2009 Mar; 88(3):600-9. View in: PubMed

  58. Berthoud VM, Beyer EC. Oxidative stress, lens gap junctions, and cataracts. Antioxid Redox Signal. 2009 Feb; 11(2):339-53. View in: PubMed

  59. Kyle JW, Minogue PJ, Thomas BC, Domowicz DA, Berthoud VM, Hanck DA, Beyer EC. An intact connexin N-terminus is required for function but not gap junction formation. J Cell Sci. 2008 Aug 15; 121(Pt 16):2744-50. View in: PubMed

  60. Thomas BC, Minogue PJ, Valiunas V, Kanaporis G, Brink PR, Berthoud VM, Beyer EC. Cataracts are caused by alterations of a critical N-terminal positive charge in connexin50. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 Jun; 49(6):2549-56. View in: PubMed

  61. Gemel J, Lin X, Collins R, Veenstra RD, Beyer EC. Cx30.2 can form heteromeric gap junction channels with other cardiac connexins. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2008 May 02; 369(2):388-94. View in: PubMed

  62. Arora A, Minogue PJ, Liu X, Addison PK, Russel-Eggitt I, Webster AR, Hunt DM, Ebihara L, Beyer EC, Berthoud VM, Moore AT. A novel connexin50 mutation associated with congenital nuclear pulverulent cataracts. J Med Genet. 2008 Mar; 45(3):155-60. View in: PubMed

  63. Chung J, Berthoud VM, Novak L, Zoltoski R, Heilbrunn B, Minogue PJ, Liu X, Ebihara L, Kuszak J, Beyer EC. Transgenic overexpression of connexin50 induces cataracts. Exp Eye Res. 2007 Mar; 84(3):513-28. View in: PubMed

  64. Wang M, Berthoud VM, Beyer EC. Connexin43 increases the sensitivity of prostate cancer cells to TNFalpha-induced apoptosis. J Cell Sci. 2007 Jan 15; 120(Pt 2):320-9. View in: PubMed

  65. Höltje M, Brunk I, Grosse J, Beyer E, Veh RW, Bergmann M, Grosse G, Ahnert-Hilger G. Differential distribution of voltage-gated potassium channels Kv 1.1-Kv1.6 in the rat retina during development. J Neurosci Res. 2007 Jan; 85(1):19-33. View in: PubMed

  66. Gemel J, Lin X, Veenstra RD, Beyer EC. N-terminal residues in Cx43 and Cx40 determine physiological properties of gap junction channels, but do not influence heteromeric assembly with each other or with Cx26. J Cell Sci. 2006 Jun 01; 119(Pt 11):2258-68. View in: PubMed

  67. Arora A, Minogue PJ, Liu X, Reddy MA, Ainsworth JR, Bhattacharya SS, Webster AR, Hunt DM, Ebihara L, Moore AT, Beyer EC, Berthoud VM. A novel GJA8 mutation is associated with autosomal dominant lamellar pulverulent cataract: further evidence for gap junction dysfunction in human cataract. J Med Genet. 2006 Jan; 43(1):e2. View in: PubMed

  68. Minogue PJ, Liu X, Ebihara L, Beyer EC, Berthoud VM. An aberrant sequence in a connexin46 mutant underlies congenital cataracts. J Biol Chem. 2005 Dec 09; 280(49):40788-95. View in: PubMed

  69. Wang M, Martínez AD, Berthoud VM, Seul KH, Gemel J, Valiunas V, Kumari S, Brink PR, Beyer EC. Connexin43 with a cytoplasmic loop deletion inhibits the function of several connexins. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 Aug 12; 333(4):1185-93. View in: PubMed

  70. Linhares VL, Almeida NA, Menezes DC, Elliott DA, Lai D, Beyer EC, Campos de Carvalho AC, Costa MW. Transcriptional regulation of the murine Connexin40 promoter by cardiac factors Nkx2-5, GATA4 and Tbx5. Cardiovasc Res. 2004 Dec 01; 64(3):402-11. View in: PubMed

  71. Lin X, Gemel J, Beyer EC, Veenstra RD. Dynamic model for ventricular junctional conductance during the cardiac action potential. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2005 Mar; 288(3):H1113-23. View in: PubMed

  72. Puljung MC, Berthoud VM, Beyer EC, Hanck DA. Polyvalent cations constitute the voltage gating particle in human connexin37 hemichannels. J Gen Physiol. 2004 Nov; 124(5):587-603. View in: PubMed

  73. Berthoud VM, Singh R, Minogue PJ, Ragsdale CW, Beyer EC. Highly restricted pattern of connexin36 expression in chick somite development. Anat Embryol (Berl). 2004 Nov; 209(1):11-8. View in: PubMed

  74. Seul KH, Kang KY, Lee KS, Kim SH, Beyer EC. Adenoviral delivery of human connexin37 induces endothelial cell death through apoptosis. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2004 Jul 09; 319(4):1144-51. View in: PubMed

  75. Gemel J, Valiunas V, Brink PR, Beyer EC. Connexin43 and connexin26 form gap junctions, but not heteromeric channels in co-expressing cells. J Cell Sci. 2004 May 15; 117(Pt 12):2469-80. View in: PubMed

  76. Musa H, Fenn E, Crye M, Gemel J, Beyer EC, Veenstra RD. Amino terminal glutamate residues confer spermine sensitivity and affect voltage gating and channel conductance of rat connexin40 gap junctions. J Physiol. 2004 Jun 15; 557(Pt 3):863-78. View in: PubMed

  77. Berthoud VM, Minogue PJ, Laing JG, Beyer EC. Pathways for degradation of connexins and gap junctions. Cardiovasc Res. 2004 May 01; 62(2):256-67. View in: PubMed

  78. Martínez AD, Hayrapetyan V, Moreno AP, Beyer EC. A carboxyl terminal domain of connexin43 is critical for gap junction plaque formation but not for homo- or hetero-oligomerization. Cell Commun Adhes. 2003 Jul-Dec; 10(4-6):323-8. View in: PubMed

  79. Saez JC, Berthoud VM, Branes MC, Martinez AD, Beyer EC. Plasma membrane channels formed by connexins: their regulation and functions. Physiol Rev. 2003 Oct; 83(4):1359-400. View in: PubMed

  80. Lampe P, Beyer E. New developments in the gap junction field: report from the 2002 ASCB meeting. Cell Commun Adhes. 2003 Jan-Feb; 10(1):55-8. View in: PubMed

  81. Berthoud VM, Minogue PJ, Guo J, Williamson EK, Xu X, Ebihara L, Beyer EC. Loss of function and impaired degradation of a cataract-associated mutant connexin50. Eur J Cell Biol. 2003 May; 82(5):209-21. View in: PubMed

  82. Beyer EC, Berthoud VM. Gap junction synthesis and degradation as therapeutic targets. Curr Drug Targets. 2002 Dec; 3(6):409-16. View in: PubMed

  83. Valiunas V, Beyer EC, Brink PR. Cardiac gap junction channels show quantitative differences in selectivity. Circ Res. 2002 Jul 26; 91(2):104-11. View in: PubMed

  84. Beyer EC, Gemel J, Martínez A, Berthoud VM, Valiunas V, Moreno AP, Brink PR. Heteromeric mixing of connexins: compatibility of partners and functional consequences. Cell Commun Adhes. 2001; 8(4-6):199-204. View in: PubMed

  85. Martinez AD, Hayrapetyan V, Moreno AP, Beyer EC. Connexin43 and connexin45 form heteromeric gap junction channels in which individual components determine permeability and regulation. Circ Res. 2002 May 31; 90(10):1100-7. View in: PubMed

  86. Xu X, Berthoud VM, Beyer EC, Ebihara L. Functional role of the carboxyl terminal domain of human connexin 50 in gap junctional channels. J Membr Biol. 2002 Mar 15; 186(2):101-12. View in: PubMed

  87. Johnson CM, Kanter EM, Green KG, Laing JG, Betsuyaku T, Beyer EC, Steinberg TH, Saffitz JE, Yamada KA. Redistribution of connexin45 in gap junctions of connexin43-deficient hearts. Cardiovasc Res. 2002 Mar; 53(4):921-35. View in: PubMed

  88. Larson DM, Christensen TG, Sagar GD, Beyer EC. TGF-beta1 induces an accumulation of connexin43 in a lysosomal compartment in endothelial cells. Endothelium. 2001; 8(4):255-60. View in: PubMed

  89. Valiunas V, Gemel J, Brink PR, Beyer EC. Gap junction channels formed by coexpressed connexin40 and connexin43. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2001 Oct; 281(4):H1675-89. View in: PubMed

  90. Elenes S, Martinez AD, Delmar M, Beyer EC, Moreno AP. Heterotypic docking of Cx43 and Cx45 connexons blocks fast voltage gating of Cx43. Biophys J. 2001 Sep; 81(3):1406-18. View in: PubMed

  91. Jacob A, Beyer EC. Mouse connexin 45: genomic cloning and exon usage. DNA Cell Biol. 2001 Jan; 20(1):11-9. View in: PubMed

  92. Berthoud VM, Montegna EA, Atal N, Aithal NH, Brink PR, Beyer EC. Heteromeric connexons formed by the lens connexins, connexin43 and connexin56. Eur J Cell Biol. 2001 Jan; 80(1):11-9. View in: PubMed

  93. Beardslee MA, Lerner DL, Tadros PN, Laing JG, Beyer EC, Yamada KA, Kléber AG, Schuessler RB, Saffitz JE. Dephosphorylation and intracellular redistribution of ventricular connexin43 during electrical uncoupling induced by ischemia. Circ Res. 2000 Oct 13; 87(8):656-62. View in: PubMed

  94. Seul KH, Beyer EC. Mouse connexin37: gene structure and promoter analysis. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2000 Jul 24; 1492(2-3):499-504. View in: PubMed

  95. Berthoud VM, Beyer EC, Seul KH. Peptide inhibitors of intercellular communication. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2000 Oct; 279(4):L619-22. View in: PubMed

  96. Pal JD, Liu X, Mackay D, Shiels A, Berthoud VM, Beyer EC, Ebihara L. Connexin46 mutations linked to congenital cataract show loss of gap junction channel function. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2000 Sep; 279(3):C596-602. View in: PubMed

  97. Kumari SS, Varadaraj K, Valiunas V, Ramanan SV, Christensen EA, Beyer EC, Brink PR. Functional expression and biophysical properties of polymorphic variants of the human gap junction protein connexin37. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Jul 21; 274(1):216-24. View in: PubMed

  98. Larson DM, Seul KH, Berthoud VM, Lau AF, Sagar GD, Beyer EC. Functional expression and biochemical characterization of an epitope-tagged connexin37. Mol Cell Biol Res Commun. 2000 Feb; 3(2):115-21. View in: PubMed

  99. Beyer EC, Gemel J, Seul KH, Larson DM, Banach K, Brink PR. Modulation of intercellular communication by differential regulation and heteromeric mixing of co-expressed connexins. Braz J Med Biol Res. 2000 Apr; 33(4):391-7. View in: PubMed

  100. Berthoud VM, Hall DH, Strahsburger E, Beyer EC, Sáez JC. Gap junctions in the chicken pineal gland. Brain Res. 2000 Apr 10; 861(2):257-70. View in: PubMed

  101. Berthoud VM, Westphale EM, Grigoryeva A, Beyer EC. PKC isoenzymes in the chicken lens and TPA-induced effects on intercellular communication. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2000 Mar; 41(3):850-8. View in: PubMed

  102. Berthoud VM, Tadros PN, Beyer EC. Connexin and gap junction degradation. Methods. 2000 Feb; 20(2):180-7. View in: PubMed

  103. Hwan Seul K, Beyer EC. Heterogeneous localization of connexin40 in the renal vasculature. Microvasc Res. 2000 Jan; 59(1):140-8. View in: PubMed

  104. Pal JD, Berthoud VM, Beyer EC, Mackay D, Shiels A, Ebihara L. Molecular mechanism underlying a Cx50-linked congenital cataract. Am J Physiol. 1999 06; 276(6):C1443-6. View in: PubMed

  105. Berthoud VM, Bassnett S, Beyer EC. Cultured chicken embryo lens cells resemble differentiating fiber cells in vivo and contain two kinetic pools of connexin56. Exp Eye Res. 1999 Apr; 68(4):475-84. View in: PubMed

  106. Alexi-Meskishvili V, Dähnert I, Beyer E, Hetzer R. Successful total correction of complete atrioventricular canal, total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage and unroofed coronary sinus in an infant. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 1999 Jan; 15(1):95-6. View in: PubMed

  107. Ebihara L, Xu X, Oberti C, Beyer EC, Berthoud VM. Co-expression of lens fiber connexins modifies hemi-gap-junctional channel behavior. Biophys J. 1999 Jan; 76(1 Pt 1):198-206. View in: PubMed

  108. Wagner TL, Beyer EC, McMahon DG. Cloning and functional expression of a novel gap junction channel from the retina of Danio aquipinnatus. Vis Neurosci. 1998 Nov-Dec; 15(6):1137-44. View in: PubMed

  109. Laing JG, Tadros PN, Green K, Saffitz JE, Beyer EC. Proteolysis of connexin43-containing gap junctions in normal and heat-stressed cardiac myocytes. Cardiovasc Res. 1998 Jun; 38(3):711-8. View in: PubMed

  110. Beardslee MA, Laing JG, Beyer EC, Saffitz JE. Rapid turnover of connexin43 in the adult rat heart. Circ Res. 1998 Sep 21; 83(6):629-35. View in: PubMed

  111. Dodge SM, Beardslee MA, Darrow BJ, Green KG, Beyer EC, Saffitz JE. Effects of angiotensin II on expression of the gap junction channel protein connexin43 in neonatal rat ventricular myocytes. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1998 Sep; 32(3):800-7. View in: PubMed

  112. Kwong KF, Schuessler RB, Green KG, Laing JG, Beyer EC, Boineau JP, Saffitz JE. Differential expression of gap junction proteins in the canine sinus node. Circ Res. 1998 Mar 23; 82(5):604-12. View in: PubMed

  113. Thomas SA, Schuessler RB, Berul CI, Beardslee MA, Beyer EC, Mendelsohn ME, Saffitz JE. Disparate effects of deficient expression of connexin43 on atrial and ventricular conduction: evidence for chamber-specific molecular determinants of conduction. Circulation. 1998 Feb 24; 97(7):686-91. View in: PubMed

  114. Civitelli R, Ziambaras K, Warlow PM, Lecanda F, Nelson T, Harley J, Atal N, Beyer EC, Steinberg TH. Regulation of connexin43 expression and function by prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) in osteoblastic cells. J Cell Biochem. 1998 Jan 01; 68(1):8-21. View in: PubMed

  115. Seul KH, Tadros PN, Beyer EC. Mouse connexin40: gene structure and promoter analysis. Genomics. 1997 Nov 15; 46(1):120-6. View in: PubMed

  116. Laing JG, Tadros PN, Westphale EM, Beyer EC. Degradation of connexin43 gap junctions involves both the proteasome and the lysosome. Exp Cell Res. 1997 Nov 01; 236(2):482-92. View in: PubMed

  117. Brink PR, Cronin K, Banach K, Peterson E, Westphale EM, Seul KH, Ramanan SV, Beyer EC. Evidence for heteromeric gap junction channels formed from rat connexin43 and human connexin37. Am J Physiol. 1997 10; 273(4):C1386-96. View in: PubMed

  118. Larson DM, Wrobleski MJ, Sagar GD, Westphale EM, Beyer EC. Differential regulation of connexin43 and connexin37 in endothelial cells by cell density, growth, and TGF-beta1. Am J Physiol. 1997 Feb; 272(2 Pt 1):C405-15. View in: PubMed

  119. Guerrero PA, Schuessler RB, Davis LM, Beyer EC, Johnson CM, Yamada KA, Saffitz JE. Slow ventricular conduction in mice heterozygous for a connexin43 null mutation. J Clin Invest. 1997 Apr 15; 99(8):1991-8. View in: PubMed

  120. Cao D, Lin G, Westphale EM, Beyer EC, Steinberg TH. Mechanisms for the coordination of intercellular calcium signaling in insulin-secreting cells. J Cell Sci. 1997 Feb; 110 ( Pt 4):497-504. View in: PubMed

  121. Berthoud VM, Beyer EC, Kurata WE, Lau AF, Lampe PD. The gap-junction protein connexin 56 is phosphorylated in the intracellular loop and the carboxy-terminal region. Eur J Biochem. 1997 Feb 15; 244(1):89-97. View in: PubMed

  122. Albrecht JL, Atal NS, Tadros PN, Orsino A, Lye SJ, Sadovsky Y, Beyer EC. Rat uterine myometrium contains the gap junction protein connexin45, which has a differing temporal expression pattern from connexin43. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1996 Oct; 175(4 Pt 1):853-8. View in: PubMed

  123. Essner JJ, Laing JG, Beyer EC, Johnson RG, Hackett PB. Expression of zebrafish connexin43.4 in the notochord and tail bud of wild-type and mutant no tail embryos. Dev Biol. 1996 Aug 01; 177(2):449-62. View in: PubMed

  124. Darrow BJ, Fast VG, Kléber AG, Beyer EC, Saffitz JE. Functional and structural assessment of intercellular communication. Increased conduction velocity and enhanced connexin expression in dibutyryl cAMP-treated cultured cardiac myocytes. Circ Res. 1996 Aug; 79(2):174-83. View in: PubMed

  125. Van Camp G, Coucke P, Speleman F, Van Roy N, Beyer EC, Oostra BA, Willems PJ. The gene for human gap junction protein connexin37 (GJA4) maps to chromosome 1p35.1, in the vicinity of D1S195. Genomics. 1995 Nov 20; 30(2):402-3. View in: PubMed

  126. Davis LM, Rodefeld ME, Green K, Beyer EC, Saffitz JE. Gap junction protein phenotypes of the human heart and conduction system. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 1995 Oct; 6(10 Pt 1):813-22. View in: PubMed

  127. Kanter HL, Beyer EC, Saffitz JE. Structural and molecular determinants of intercellular coupling in cardiac myocytes. Microsc Res Tech. 1995 Aug 01; 31(5):357-63. View in: PubMed

  128. Beyer EC, Davis LM, Saffitz JE, Veenstra RD. Cardiac intercellular communication: consequences of connexin distribution and diversity. Braz J Med Biol Res. 1995 Apr; 28(4):415-25. View in: PubMed

  129. Meda P, Pepper MS, Traub O, Willecke K, Gros D, Beyer E, Nicholson B, Paul D, Orci L. Differential expression of gap junction connexins in endocrine and exocrine glands. Endocrinology. 1993 Nov; 133(5):2371-8. View in: PubMed

  130. Kanter HL, Laing JG, Beyer EC, Green KG, Saffitz JE. Multiple connexins colocalize in canine ventricular myocyte gap junctions. Circ Res. 1993 Aug; 73(2):344-50. View in: PubMed

  131. Minkoff R, Rundus VR, Parker SB, Beyer EC, Hertzberg EL. Connexin expression in the developing avian cardiovascular system. Circ Res. 1993 Jul; 73(1):71-8. View in: PubMed

  132. Civitelli R, Beyer EC, Warlow PM, Robertson AJ, Geist ST, Steinberg TH. Connexin43 mediates direct intercellular communication in human osteoblastic cell networks. J Clin Invest. 1993 May; 91(5):1888-96. View in: PubMed

  133. Beyer EC. Gap junctions. Int Rev Cytol. 1993; 137C:1-37. View in: PubMed

  134. Kanter HL, Laing JG, Beau SL, Beyer EC, Saffitz JE. Distinct patterns of connexin expression in canine Purkinje fibers and ventricular muscle. Circ Res. 1993 May; 72(5):1124-31. View in: PubMed

  135. Dealy CN, Beyer EC, Kosher RA. Expression patterns of mRNAs for the gap junction proteins connexin43 and connexin42 suggest their involvement in chick limb morphogenesis and specification of the arterial vasculature. Dev Dyn. 1994 Feb; 199(2):156-67. View in: PubMed

  136. Saffitz JE, Kanter HL, Green KG, Tolley TK, Beyer EC. Tissue-specific determinants of anisotropic conduction velocity in canine atrial and ventricular myocardium. Circ Res. 1994 Jun; 74(6):1065-70. View in: PubMed

  137. Gupta VK, Berthoud VM, Atal N, Jarillo JA, Barrio LC, Beyer EC. Bovine connexin44, a lens gap junction protein: molecular cloning, immunologic characterization, and functional expression. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1994 Sep; 35(10):3747-58. View in: PubMed

  138. Laing JG, Westphale EM, Engelmann GL, Beyer EC. Characterization of the gap junction protein, connexin45. J Membr Biol. 1994 Apr; 139(1):31-40. View in: PubMed

  139. Donaldson PJ, Roos M, Evans C, Beyer E, Kistler J. Electrical properties of mammalian lens epithelial gap junction channels. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1994 Aug; 35(9):3422-8. View in: PubMed

  140. Kanter HL, Saffitz JE, Beyer EC. Molecular cloning of two human cardiac gap junction proteins, connexin40 and connexin45. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 1994 Jul; 26(7):861-8. View in: PubMed

  141. Berthoud VM, Cook AJ, Beyer EC. Characterization of the gap junction protein connexin56 in the chicken lens by immunofluorescence and immunoblotting. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1994 Nov; 35(12):4109-17. View in: PubMed

  142. Dong Y, Roos M, Gruijters T, Donaldson P, Bullivant S, Beyer E, Kistler J. Differential expression of two gap junction proteins in corneal epithelium. Eur J Cell Biol. 1994 Jun; 64(1):95-100. View in: PubMed

  143. Davis LM, Kanter HL, Beyer EC, Saffitz JE. Distinct gap junction protein phenotypes in cardiac tissues with disparate conduction properties. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1994 Oct; 24(4):1124-32. View in: PubMed

  144. Chen SC, Davis LM, Westphale EM, Beyer EC, Saffitz JE. Expression of multiple gap junction proteins in human fetal and infant hearts. Pediatr Res. 1994 Nov; 36(5):561-6. View in: PubMed

  145. Little TL, Beyer EC, Duling BR. Connexin 43 and connexin 40 gap junctional proteins are present in arteriolar smooth muscle and endothelium in vivo. Am J Physiol. 1995 Feb; 268(2 Pt 2):H729-39. View in: PubMed

  146. Darrow BJ, Laing JG, Lampe PD, Saffitz JE, Beyer EC. Expression of multiple connexins in cultured neonatal rat ventricular myocytes. Circ Res. 1995 Mar; 76(3):381-7. View in: PubMed

  147. Beyer E, Ivleva T, Artykova G, Wiederschain G. Change of isoforms' spectra of alpha-L-fucosidase from human skin fibroblasts in intracellular storage of nonhydrolyzable substances. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1995 Jan 25; 1270(1):7-11. View in: PubMed

  148. Minkoff R, Rundus VR, Parker SB, Hertzberg EL, Laing JG, Beyer EC. Gap junction proteins exhibit early and specific expression during intramembranous bone formation in the developing chick mandible. Anat Embryol (Berl). 1994 Sep; 190(3):231-41. View in: PubMed

  149. Luque EA, Veenstra RD, Beyer EC, Lemanski LF. Localization and distribution of gap junctions in normal and cardiomyopathic hamster heart. J Morphol. 1994 Nov; 222(2):203-13. View in: PubMed

  150. Davis LM, Saffitz JE, Beyer EC. Modulation of connexin43 expression: effects on cellular coupling. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 1995 Feb; 6(2):103-14. View in: PubMed

  151. Oh SY, Dupont E, Madhukar BV, Briand JP, Chang CC, Beyer E, Trosko JE. Characterization of gap junctional communication-deficient mutants of a rat liver epithelial cell line. Eur J Cell Biol. 1993 Apr; 60(2):250-5. View in: PubMed

  152. Reed KE, Westphale EM, Larson DM, Wang HZ, Veenstra RD, Beyer EC. Molecular cloning and functional expression of human connexin37, an endothelial cell gap junction protein. J Clin Invest. 1993 Mar; 91(3):997-1004. View in: PubMed

  153. Rup DM, Veenstra RD, Wang HZ, Brink PR, Beyer EC. Chick connexin-56, a novel lens gap junction protein. Molecular cloning and functional expression. J Biol Chem. 1993 Jan 05; 268(1):706-12. View in: PubMed

  154. Koval M, Geist ST, Westphale EM, Kemendy AE, Civitelli R, Beyer EC, Steinberg TH. Transfected connexin45 alters gap junction permeability in cells expressing endogenous connexin43. J Cell Biol. 1995 Aug; 130(4):987-95. View in: PubMed

  155. Ebihara L, Berthoud VM, Beyer EC. Distinct behavior of connexin56 and connexin46 gap junctional channels can be predicted from the behavior of their hemi-gap-junctional channels. Biophys J. 1995 May; 68(5):1796-803. View in: PubMed

  156. Laing JG, Beyer EC. The gap junction protein connexin43 is degraded via the ubiquitin proteasome pathway. J Biol Chem. 1995 Nov 03; 270(44):26399-403. View in: PubMed

  157. Veenstra RD, Wang HZ, Beblo DA, Chilton MG, Harris AL, Beyer EC, Brink PR. Selectivity of connexin-specific gap junctions does not correlate with channel conductance. Circ Res. 1995 Dec; 77(6):1156-65. View in: PubMed

  158. Beblo DA, Wang HZ, Beyer EC, Westphale EM, Veenstra RD. Unique conductance, gating, and selective permeability properties of gap junction channels formed by connexin40. Circ Res. 1995 Oct; 77(4):813-22. View in: PubMed

  159. Saffitz JE, Davis LM, Darrow BJ, Kanter HL, Laing JG, Beyer EC. The molecular basis of anisotropy: role of gap junctions. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 1995 Jun; 6(6):498-510. View in: PubMed

  160. Moreno AP, Laing JG, Beyer EC, Spray DC. Properties of gap junction channels formed of connexin 45 endogenously expressed in human hepatoma (SKHep1) cells. Am J Physiol. 1995 Feb; 268(2 Pt 1):C356-65. View in: PubMed

  161. Veenstra RD, Wang HZ, Beyer EC, Ramanan SV, Brink PR. Connexin37 forms high conductance gap junction channels with subconductance state activity and selective dye and ionic permeabilities. Biophys J. 1994 Jun; 66(6):1915-28. View in: PubMed

  162. Veenstra RD, Wang HZ, Beyer EC, Brink PR. Selective dye and ionic permeability of gap junction channels formed by connexin45. Circ Res. 1994 Sep; 75(3):483-90. View in: PubMed

  163. Fick J, Barker FG, Dazin P, Westphale EM, Beyer EC, Israel MA. The extent of heterocellular communication mediated by gap junctions is predictive of bystander tumor cytotoxicity in vitro. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1995 Nov 21; 92(24):11071-5. View in: PubMed

  164. Lipsick JS, Beyer EC, Barondes SH, Kaplan NO. Lectins from chicken tissues are mitogenic for Thy-1 negative murine spleen cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1980 Nov 17; 97(1):56-61. View in: PubMed

  165. Beyer EC, Barondes SH. Quantitation of two endogenous lactose-inhibitable lectins in embryonic and adult chicken tissues. J Cell Biol. 1982 Jan; 92(1):23-7. View in: PubMed

  166. Deuticke B, Beyer E, Forst B. Discrimination of three parallel pathways of lactate transport in the human erythrocyte membrane by inhibitors and kinetic properties. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1982 Jan 04; 684(1):96-110. View in: PubMed

  167. Beyer EC, Barondes SH. Chicken tissue binding sites for a purified chicken lectin. J Supramol Struct. 1980; 13(2):219-27. View in: PubMed

  168. Beyer EC, Zweig SE, Barondes SH. Two lactose binding lectins from chicken tissues. Purified lectin from intestine is different from those in liver and muscle. J Biol Chem. 1980 May 10; 255(9):4236-9. View in: PubMed

  169. Key LL, Hoch S, Cairns L, Carnes D, Beyer E, Anast CS. Monocyte bone degradation: in vitro analysis of monocyte activity in patients with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. J Pediatr. 1986 Mar; 108(3):405-9. View in: PubMed

  170. Beyer EC, Paul DL, Goodenough DA. Connexin43: a protein from rat heart homologous to a gap junction protein from liver. J Cell Biol. 1987 Dec; 105(6 Pt 1):2621-9. View in: PubMed

  171. Dermietzel R, Traub O, Hwang TK, Beyer E, Bennett MV, Spray DC, Willecke K. Differential expression of three gap junction proteins in developing and mature brain tissues. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1989 Dec; 86(24):10148-52. View in: PubMed

  172. Beyer EC, Kistler J, Paul DL, Goodenough DA. Antisera directed against connexin43 peptides react with a 43-kD protein localized to gap junctions in myocardium and other tissues. J Cell Biol. 1989 Feb; 108(2):595-605. View in: PubMed

  173. Luke RA, Beyer EC, Hoyt RH, Saffitz JE. Quantitative analysis of intercellular connections by immunohistochemistry of the cardiac gap junction protein connexin43. Circ Res. 1989 Nov; 65(5):1450-7. View in: PubMed

  174. Swenson KI, Jordan JR, Beyer EC, Paul DL. Formation of gap junctions by expression of connexins in Xenopus oocyte pairs. Cell. 1989 Apr 07; 57(1):145-55. View in: PubMed

  175. Ebihara L, Beyer EC, Swenson KI, Paul DL, Goodenough DA. Cloning and expression of a Xenopus embryonic gap junction protein. Science. 1989 Mar 03; 243(4895):1194-5. View in: PubMed

  176. Beyer EC, Paul DL, Goodenough DA. Connexin family of gap junction proteins. J Membr Biol. 1990 Jul; 116(3):187-94. View in: PubMed

  177. Beyer EC. Molecular cloning and developmental expression of two chick embryo gap junction proteins. J Biol Chem. 1990 Aug 25; 265(24):14439-43. View in: PubMed

  178. Musil LS, Beyer EC, Goodenough DA. Expression of the gap junction protein connexin43 in embryonic chick lens: molecular cloning, ultrastructural localization, and post-translational phosphorylation. J Membr Biol. 1990 Jun; 116(2):163-75. View in: PubMed

  179. Beyer E, Schono N, Kozlova I, Wiederschain G. Relationship of the multiple forms of human alpha-D-galactosidase and alpha-D-fucosidase in the normal and in Fabry's disease. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1990 May 08; 1038(3):386-9. View in: PubMed

  180. Filson AJ, Azarnia R, Beyer EC, Loewenstein WR, Brugge JS. Tyrosine phosphorylation of a gap junction protein correlates with inhibition of cell-to-cell communication. Cell Growth Differ. 1990 Dec; 1(12):661-8. View in: PubMed

  181. Lang LM, Beyer EC, Schwartz AL, Gitlin JD. Molecular cloning of a rat uterine gap junction protein and analysis of gene expression during gestation. Am J Physiol. 1991 May; 260(5 Pt 1):E787-93. View in: PubMed

  182. Meda P, Chanson M, Pepper M, Giordano E, Bosco D, Traub O, Willecke K, el Aoumari A, Gros D, Beyer EC, et al. In vivo modulation of connexin 43 gene expression and junctional coupling of pancreatic B-cells. Exp Cell Res. 1991 Feb; 192(2):469-80. View in: PubMed

  183. Moore LK, Beyer EC, Burt JM. Characterization of gap junction channels in A7r5 vascular smooth muscle cells. Am J Physiol. 1991 May; 260(5 Pt 1):C975-81. View in: PubMed

  184. Beyer EC, Steinberg TH. Evidence that the gap junction protein connexin-43 is the ATP-induced pore of mouse macrophages. J Biol Chem. 1991 May 05; 266(13):7971-4. View in: PubMed

  185. Crow DS, Beyer EC, Paul DL, Kobe SS, Lau AF. Phosphorylation of connexin43 gap junction protein in uninfected and Rous sarcoma virus-transformed mammalian fibroblasts. Mol Cell Biol. 1990 Apr; 10(4):1754-63. View in: PubMed

  186. Larson DM, Haudenschild CC, Beyer EC. Gap junction messenger RNA expression by vascular wall cells. Circ Res. 1990 Apr; 66(4):1074-80. View in: PubMed

  187. Valdimarsson G, De Sousa PA, Beyer EC, Paul DL, Kidder GM. Zygotic expression of the connexin43 gene supplies subunits for gap junction assembly during mouse preimplantation development. Mol Reprod Dev. 1991 Sep; 30(1):18-26. View in: PubMed

  188. Winterhager E, Stutenkemper R, Traub O, Beyer E, Willecke K. Expression of different connexin genes in rat uterus during decidualization and at term. Eur J Cell Biol. 1991 Jun; 55(1):133-42. View in: PubMed

  189. Larson DM, Gilbert RJ, Beyer EC. Two-dimensional coupling by gap junctions in cultured gastric smooth muscle monolayers. Am J Physiol. 1992 Aug; 263(2 Pt 1):G261-8. View in: PubMed

  190. Veenstra RD, Wang HZ, Westphale EM, Beyer EC. Multiple connexins confer distinct regulatory and conductance properties of gap junctions in developing heart. Circ Res. 1992 Nov; 71(5):1277-83. View in: PubMed

  191. Dolber PC, Beyer EC, Junker JL, Spach MS. Distribution of gap junctions in dog and rat ventricle studied with a double-label technique. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 1992 Dec; 24(12):1443-57. View in: PubMed

  192. Beyer EC, Reed KE, Westphale EM, Kanter HL, Larson DM. Molecular cloning and expression of rat connexin40, a gap junction protein expressed in vascular smooth muscle. J Membr Biol. 1992 Apr; 127(1):69-76. View in: PubMed

  193. Kanter HL, Saffitz JE, Beyer EC. Cardiac myocytes express multiple gap junction proteins. Circ Res. 1992 Feb; 70(2):438-44. View in: PubMed

  194. Deuticke B, von Bentheim M, Beyer E, Kamp D. Reversible inhibition of anion exchange in human erythrocytes by an inorganic disulfonate, tetrathionate. J Membr Biol. 1978 Dec 15; 44(2):135-58. View in: PubMed

  195. Kobiler D, Beyer EC, Barondes SH. Developmentally regulated lectins from chick muscle, brain, and liver have similar chemical and immunological properties. Dev Biol. 1978 Jun; 64(2):265-72. View in: PubMed

  196. Friedlander M, Beyer EC, Fischman DA. Muscle development in vitro following X irradiation. Dev Biol. 1978 Oct; 66(2):457-69. View in: PubMed

  197. Deuticke B, Rickert I, Beyer E. Stereoselective, SH-dependent transfer of lactate in mammalian erythrocytes. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1978 Feb 02; 507(1):137-55. View in: PubMed