Mark Applebaum

Assistant Professor
Websites
Research Summary
Mark Applebaum, MD, is an expert in pediatric cancers and blood diseases. He has a special interest in the treatment of neuroblastoma, sarcomas and solid tumors. Dr. Applebaum is a translational physician-scientist working on harnessing genomics and “big data” to advance treatments for children with neuroblastoma. He bridges the fields of epigenetics, genomics, and cancer biology to identify idenitfy novel risk classifiers and therapeutic targets. Dr. Applebaum focuses his research on how specific epigenetic marks can identify patients with aggressive neuroblastoma that may benefit from alternatives to standard therapy. His laboratory is also identifying how the low-oxygen environment of tumors makes cancer cells more resistant to standard therapies by inducing changes in these same epigenetic marks. Identifying the genes and cellular pathways responsible for these changes may ultimately open new avenues for novel therapeutic options. Dr. Applebaum's research is supported by the National Cancer Institute and the University of Chicago Cancer Center Auxiliary Board. He has received funding from the Conquer Cancer Foundation, Cancer Research Foundation, and the Bear Necessities Foundation. He is the recipient of numerous awards from the American Society of Clinical Oncology, the American Association of Cancer Researchers, and the Advances in Neuroblastoma Research Association.
Education
  • Fellowship, University of Chicago, Clinical Pharmacology and Pharmacogenomics 2016
  • Fellowship, University of Chicago, Hematology/Oncology 2015
  • Residency, University of California, San Francisco, Pediatrics 2011
  • Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, M.D. 2008
  • University of California, Berkeley, B.A. Molecular and Cell Biology 2004
Publications
  1. Siddiqui A, Pinto N, Applebaum MA, Mak GZ, Cunningham JM, LaBelle JL, Nassin ML. The addition of autologous stem cell transplantation to neoadjuvant chemotherapy, radiation, and HIPEC for patients with unresectable desmoplastic small round cell tumor: a single center case series. Int J Surg Oncol (N Y). 2020 Dec; 5(6). View in: PubMed

  2. Schienda J, Church AJ, Corson LB, Decker B, Clinton CM, Manning DK, Imamovic-Tuco A, Reidy D, Strand GR, Applebaum MA, Bagatell R, DuBois SG, Glade-Bender JL, Kang W, Kim A, Laetsch TW, Macy ME, Maese L, Pinto N, Sabnis AJ, Schiffman JD, Colace SI, Volchenboum SL, Weiser DA, Nowak JA, Lindeman NI, Janeway KA, Crompton BD, Kamihara J. Germline Sequencing Improves Tumor-Only Sequencing Interpretation in a Precision Genomic Study of Patients With Pediatric Solid Tumor. JCO Precis Oncol. 2021; 5. View in: PubMed

  3. Ramesh S, Chokkara S, Shen T, Major A, Volchenboum SL, Mayampurath A, Applebaum MA. Applications of Artificial Intelligence in Pediatric Oncology: A Systematic Review. JCO Clin Cancer Inform. 2021 12; 5:1208-1219. View in: PubMed

  4. Mayampurath A, Ramesh S, Michael D, Liu L, Feinberg N, Granger M, Naranjo A, Cohn SL, Volchenboum SL, Applebaum MA. Predicting Response to Chemotherapy in Patients With Newly Diagnosed High-Risk Neuroblastoma: A Report From the International Neuroblastoma Risk Group. JCO Clin Cancer Inform. 2021 12; 5:1181-1188. View in: PubMed

  5. Balyasny S, Lee SM, Desai AV, Volchenboum SL, Naranjo A, Park JR, London WB, Cohn SL, Applebaum MA. Association Between Participation in Clinical Trials and Overall Survival Among Children With Intermediate- or High-risk Neuroblastoma. JAMA Netw Open. 2021 07 01; 4(7):e2116248. View in: PubMed

  6. Sokol E, Desai AV, Applebaum MA, Valteau-Couanet D, Park JR, Pearson ADJ, Schleiermacher G, Irwin MS, Hogarty M, Naranjo A, Volchenboum S, Cohn SL, London WB. Reply to K. Beiske et al. J Clin Oncol. 2020 11 01; 38(31):3720-3721. View in: PubMed

  7. Barr EK, Laurie K, Wroblewski K, Applebaum MA, Cohn SL. Association between end-induction response according to the revised International Neuroblastoma Response Criteria (INRC) and outcome in high-risk neuroblastoma patients. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2020 10; 67(10):e28390. View in: PubMed

  8. Sokol E, Desai AV, Applebaum MA, Valteau-Couanet D, Park JR, Pearson ADJ, Schleiermacher G, Irwin MS, Hogarty M, Naranjo A, Volchenboum S, Cohn SL, London WB. Age, Diagnostic Category, Tumor Grade, and Mitosis-Karyorrhexis Index Are Independently Prognostic in Neuroblastoma: An INRG Project. J Clin Oncol. 2020 06 10; 38(17):1906-1918. View in: PubMed

  9. Pudela C, Balyasny S, Applebaum MA. Nervous system: Embryonal tumors: Neuroblastoma. Atlas Genet Cytogenet Oncol Haematol. 2020 Jul; 24(7):284-290. View in: PubMed

  10. Gerstle K, Tanager K, Hegde S, Chung JH, Husain AN, Applebaum MA, Dyamenahalli U. Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis in an 8-year old treated for neuroblastoma. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2020 03; 55(3):E1-E4. View in: PubMed

  11. Applebaum MA, Barr EK, Karpus J, West-Szymanski DC, Oliva M, Sokol EA, Zhang S, Zhang Z, Zhang W, Chlenski A, Salwen HR, Wilkinson E, Dobratic M, Grossman RL, Godley LA, Stranger BE, He C, Cohn SL. 5-Hydroxymethylcytosine Profiles in Circulating Cell-Free DNA Associate with Disease Burden in Children with Neuroblastoma. Clin Cancer Res. 2020 03 15; 26(6):1309-1317. View in: PubMed

  12. Weiser DA, West-Szymanski DC, Fraint E, Weiner S, Rivas MA, Zhao CWT, He C, Applebaum MA. Progress toward liquid biopsies in pediatric solid tumors. Cancer Metastasis Rev. 2019 12; 38(4):553-571. View in: PubMed

  13. Applebaum H, Applebaum MA. A conversation with my personal oncologist. Fam Syst Health. 2019 12; 37(4):344-346. View in: PubMed

  14. Applebaum MA, Barr EK, Karpus J, Nie J, Zhang Z, Armstrong AE, Uppal S, Sukhanova M, Zhang W, Chlenski A, Salwen HR, Wilkinson E, Dobratic M, Grossman R, Godley LA, Stranger BE, He C, Cohn SL. 5-Hydroxymethylcytosine Profiles Are Prognostic of Outcome in Neuroblastoma and Reveal Transcriptional Networks That Correlate With Tumor Phenotype. JCO Precis Oncol. 2019; 3. View in: PubMed

  15. Chlenski A, Park C, Dobratic M, Salwen HR, Budke B, Park JH, Miller R, Applebaum MA, Wilkinson E, Nakamura Y, Connell PP, Cohn SL. Maternal Embryonic Leucine Zipper Kinase (MELK), a Potential Therapeutic Target for Neuroblastoma. Mol Cancer Ther. 2019 03; 18(3):507-516. View in: PubMed

  16. Barr EK, Applebaum MA. Genetic Predisposition to Neuroblastoma. Children (Basel). 2018 Aug 31; 5(9). View in: PubMed

  17. Cowan M, Suntum T, Olivas AD, Perpich M, Applebaum MA, Lastra RR, Yamada SD. Second primary rhabdomyosarcoma of the uterine cervix presenting with synchronous ovarian Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor: An illustrative case of DICER1 syndrome. Gynecol Oncol Rep. 2018 Aug; 25:94-97. View in: PubMed

  18. Hungate EA, Applebaum MA, Skol AD, Vaksman Z, Diamond M, McDaniel L, Volchenboum SL, Stranger BE, Maris JM, Diskin SJ, Onel K, Cohn SL. Evaluation of Genetic Predisposition for MYCN-Amplified Neuroblastoma. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2017 10 01; 109(10). View in: PubMed

  19. Applebaum MA, Desai AV, Glade Bender JL, Cohn SL. Emerging and investigational therapies for neuroblastoma. Expert Opin Orphan Drugs. 2017; 5(4):355-368. View in: PubMed

  20. Applebaum MA, Vaksman Z, Lee SM, Hungate EA, Henderson TO, London WB, Pinto N, Volchenboum SL, Park JR, Naranjo A, Hero B, Pearson AD, Stranger BE, Cohn SL, Diskin SJ. Neuroblastoma survivors are at increased risk for second malignancies: A report from the International Neuroblastoma Risk Group Project. Eur J Cancer. 2017 02; 72:177-185. View in: PubMed

  21. Chlenski A, Dobratic M, Salwen HR, Applebaum M, Guerrero LJ, Miller R, DeWane G, Solomaha E, Marks JD, Cohn SL. Secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC) induces lipotoxicity in neuroblastoma by regulating transport of albumin complexed with fatty acids. Oncotarget. 2016 Nov 22; 7(47):77696-77706. View in: PubMed

  22. Applebaum MA, Jha AR, Kao C, Hernandez KM, DeWane G, Salwen HR, Chlenski A, Dobratic M, Mariani CJ, Godley LA, Prabhakar N, White K, Stranger BE, Cohn SL. Integrative genomics reveals hypoxia inducible genes that are associated with a poor prognosis in neuroblastoma patients. Oncotarget. 2016 Nov 22; 7(47):76816-76826. View in: PubMed

  23. Pinto N, Mayfield JR, Raca G, Applebaum MA, Chlenski A, Sukhanova M, Bagatell R, Irwin MS, Little A, Rawwas J, Gosiengfiao Y, Delattre O, Janoueix-Lerosey I, Lapouble E, Schleiermacher G, Cohn SL. Segmental Chromosomal Aberrations in Localized Neuroblastoma Can be Detected in Formalin-Fixed Paraffin-Embedded Tissue Samples and Are Associated With Recurrence. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2016 Jun; 63(6):1019-23. View in: PubMed

  24. Pinto NR, Applebaum MA, Volchenboum SL, Matthay KK, London WB, Ambros PF, Nakagawara A, Berthold F, Schleiermacher G, Park JR, Valteau-Couanet D, Pearson AD, Cohn SL. Advances in Risk Classification and Treatment Strategies for Neuroblastoma. J Clin Oncol. 2015 Sep 20; 33(27):3008-17. View in: PubMed

  25. Applebaum MA, Cohn SL. Surveillance of Childhood Cancer Survivors: A Lifelong Affair. J Clin Oncol. 2015 Nov 01; 33(31):3531-2. View in: PubMed

  26. Applebaum MA, Henderson TO, Lee SM, Pinto N, Volchenboum SL, Cohn SL. Second malignancies in patients with neuroblastoma: the effects of risk-based therapy. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2015 Jan; 62(1):128-33. View in: PubMed

  27. Applebaum MA, Skol AD, Bond EE, Overholtzer M, Bond GL, Onel K. Radiation-induced apoptosis varies among individuals and is modified by sex and age. Int J Radiat Biol. 2014 Oct; 90(10):903-8. View in: PubMed

  28. Applebaum MA, Thomas DG, Hembrough T, Burrows J, Horvai AE, Lawlor ER, DuBois SG. Comparative evaluation of strategies for quantifying signaling pathway proteins in Ewing sarcoma. Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol. 2014 Sep; 22(8):593-9. View in: PubMed

  29. Applebaum MA, Lawson EF, von Scheven E. Perception of transition readiness and preferences for use of technology in transition programs: teens' ideas for the future. Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2013; 25(2):119-25. View in: PubMed

  30. Applebaum MA, Goldsby R, Neuhaus J, DuBois SG. Clinical features and outcomes in patients with secondary Ewing sarcoma. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2013 Apr; 60(4):611-5. View in: PubMed

  31. Applebaum MA, Sambrano E, Lee S, Goldsby R, Matthay KK, DuBois SG. Evaluation of plasma annexin V levels in children and young adults with solid tumors. Int J Biol Markers. 2012 Jul 19; 27(2):e164-6. View in: PubMed

  32. Applebaum MA, Goldsby R, Neuhaus J, DuBois SG. Clinical features and outcomes in patients with Ewing sarcoma and regional lymph node involvement. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2012 Oct; 59(4):617-20. View in: PubMed

  33. Lawson EF, Hersh AO, Applebaum MA, Yelin EH, Okumura MJ, von Scheven E. Self-management skills in adolescents with chronic rheumatic disease: A cross-sectional survey. Pediatr Rheumatol Online J. 2011 Dec 06; 9(1):35. View in: PubMed

  34. Applebaum MA, Worch J, Matthay KK, Goldsby R, Neuhaus J, West DC, Dubois SG. Clinical features and outcomes in patients with extraskeletal Ewing sarcoma. Cancer. 2011 Jul 01; 117(13):3027-32. View in: PubMed