Xavier Keutgen

Associate Professor
  • National Institutes of Health, Fellowship
  • University of Zurich, Fellowship
  • New York Presbyterian Hospital, Residency
  • New York Presbyterian Hospital, Internship
  • University of Heidelberg Medical School, MD
  1. Keutgen XM, Li H, Memeh K, Conn Busch J, Williams J, Lan L, Sarne D, Finnerty B, Angelos P, Fahey TJ, Giger ML. A machine-learning algorithm for distinguishing malignant from benign indeterminate thyroid nodules using ultrasound radiomic features. J Med Imaging (Bellingham). 2022 May; 9(3):034501. View in: PubMed

  2. Keutgen XM. First Differentiate and Then Operate (Or Not) : Editorial on "Surgical Treatment of Patients with Poorly Differentiated Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Carcinoma: An NCDB Analysis". Ann Surg Oncol. 2022 06; 29(6):3371-3372. View in: PubMed

  3. Lakiza O, Lutze J, Vogle A, Williams J, Abukdheir A, Miller P, Liao C', Pitroda SP, Martinez C, Olivas A, Setia N, Kron SJ, Weichselbaum RR, Keutgen XM. Loss of MEN1 function impairs DNA repair capability of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. Endocr Relat Cancer. 2022 03 21; 29(4):225-239. View in: PubMed

  4. Laks S, van Leeuwaarde R, Patel D, Keutgen XM, Hammel P, Nilubol N, Links TP, Halfdanarson TR, Daniels AB, Tirosh A. Management recommendations for pancreatic manifestations of von Hippel-Lindau disease. Cancer. 2022 02 01; 128(3):435-446. View in: PubMed

  5. Sharma AE, Olivas A, Parilla M, Yassan L, Wang H, Zhang SS, Weber C, Keutgen XM, Hart J, Krausz T, Setia N. Epigenetic Dysregulation of 5-hydroxymethylcytosine in Well-Differentiated Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors. Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol. 2022 02 01; 30(2):e11-e15. View in: PubMed

  6. Keutgen XM, Ornell KJ, Vogle A, Lakiza O, Williams J, Miller P, Mistretta KS, Setia N, Weichselbaum RR, Coburn JM. Sunitinib-Loaded Chondroitin Sulfate Hydrogels as a Novel Drug-Delivery Mechanism for the Treatment of Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors. Ann Surg Oncol. 2021 Dec; 28(13):8532-8543. View in: PubMed

  7. Memeh K, Ruhle B, Alsafran S, Vaghaiwalla T, Kaplan E, Angelos P, Keutgen XM. Total Thyroidectomy vs Thyroid Lobectomy for Localized Papillary Thyroid Cancer in Children: A Propensity-Matched Survival Analysis. J Am Coll Surg. 2021 07; 233(1):39-49. View in: PubMed

  8. Chatani PD, Aversa JG, McDonald JD, Khan TM, Keutgen XM, Nilubol N. Preoperative serum chromogranin-a is predictive of survival in locoregional jejuno-ileal small bowel neuroendocrine tumors. Surgery. 2021 07; 170(1):106-113. View in: PubMed

  9. Dolezal JM, Trzcinska A, Liao CY, Kochanny S, Blair E, Agrawal N, Keutgen XM, Angelos P, Cipriani NA, Pearson AT. Deep learning prediction of BRAF-RAS gene expression signature identifies noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasms with papillary-like nuclear features. Mod Pathol. 2021 05; 34(5):862-874. View in: PubMed

  10. Tierney JF, Vogle A, Finnerty B, Zarnegar R, Ghai R, Gattuso P, Fahey TJ, Keutgen XM. Indoleamine 2,3-Dioxygenase-1 Expression in Adrenocortical Carcinoma. J Surg Res. 2020 12; 256:90-95. View in: PubMed

  11. Memeh K, Ruhle B, Vaghaiwalla T, Kaplan E, Keutgen X, Angelos P. Thyroidectomy for euthyroid patients with Hashimoto thyroiditis and persisting symptoms: A cost-effectiveness analysis. Surgery. 2021 Jan; 169(1):7-13. View in: PubMed

  12. Vaghaiwalla T, Ruhle B, Memeh K, Angelos P, Kaplan E, Liao CY, Polite B, Keutgen X. Response rates in metastatic neuroendocrine tumors receiving peptide receptor radionuclide therapy and implications for future treatment strategies. Surgery. 2021 01; 169(1):162-167. View in: PubMed

  13. Vaghaiwalla T, Keutgen XM. Surgical Management of Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors. Surg Oncol Clin N Am. 2020 Apr; 29(2):243-252. View in: PubMed

  14. Skertich NJ, Tierney JF, Chivukula SV, Babazadeh NT, Hertl M, Poirier J, Keutgen XM. Risk factors associated with positive resection margins in patients with adrenocortical carcinoma. Am J Surg. 2020 10; 220(4):932-937. View in: PubMed

  15. Howe JR, Merchant NB, Conrad C, Keutgen XM, Hallet J, Drebin JA, Minter RM, Lairmore TC, Tseng JF, Zeh HJ, Libutti SK, Singh G, Lee JE, Hope TA, Kim MK, Menda Y, Halfdanarson TR, Chan JA, Pommier RF. The North American Neuroendocrine Tumor Society Consensus Paper on the Surgical Management of Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors. Pancreas. 2020 01; 49(1):1-33. View in: PubMed

  16. Babazadeh NT, Schlund DJ, Cornelius T, Singh JS, Tierney JF, Chen M, Keutgen XM. Should 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT be Performed Routinely in Patients with Neuroendocrine Tumors Before Surgical Resection? World J Surg. 2020 02; 44(2):604-611. View in: PubMed

  17. Chivukula SV, Tierney JF, Hertl M, Poirier J, Keutgen XM. Operative resection in early stage pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors in the United States: Are we over- or undertreating patients? Surgery. 2020 01; 167(1):180-186. View in: PubMed

  18. Tierney JF, Chivukula SV, Poirier J, Pappas SG, Schadde E, Hertl M, Kebebew E, Keutgen X. National Treatment Practice for Adrenocortical Carcinoma: Have They Changed and Have We Made Any Progress? J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2019 12 01; 104(12):5948-5956. View in: PubMed

  19. Xie H, Liu J, Yadav S, Keutgen XM, Hobday TJ, Strosberg JR, Halfdanarson TR. The Role of Perioperative Systemic Therapy in Localized Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Neoplasms. Neuroendocrinology. 2020; 110(3-4):234-245. View in: PubMed

  20. Tierney JF, Poirier J, Chivukula S, Pappas SG, Hertl M, Schadde E, Keutgen X. Primary Tumor Site Affects Survival in Patients with Gastroenteropancreatic and Neuroendocrine Liver Metastases. Int J Endocrinol. 2019; 2019:9871319. View in: PubMed

  21. Tirosh A, Killian JK, Zhu YJ, Petersen D, Walling J, Mor-Cohen R, Neychev V, Stevenson H, Keutgen XM, Patel D, Nilubol N, Meltzer P, Kebebew E. ONCOGENE PANEL SEQUENCING ANALYSIS IDENTIFIES CANDIDATE ACTIONABLE GENES IN ADVANCED WELL-DIFFERENTIATED GASTROENTEROPANCREATIC NEUROENDOCRINE TUMORS. Endocr Pract. 2019 Jun; 25(6):580-588. View in: PubMed

  22. Kalil JA, Poirier J, Becker B, Van Dam R, Keutgen X, Schadde E. Laparoscopic Parenchymal-Sparing Hepatectomy: the New Maximally Minimal Invasive Surgery of the Liver-a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J Gastrointest Surg. 2019 04; 23(4):860-869. View in: PubMed

  23. Skertich NJ, Gerard J, Poirier J, Hertl M, Pappas SG, Schadde E, Keutgen XM. Do All Abdominal Neuroendocrine Tumors Require Extended Postoperative VTE Prophylaxis? A NSQIP Analysis. J Gastrointest Surg. 2019 04; 23(4):788-793. View in: PubMed

  24. Tirosh A, Mukherjee S, Lack J, Gara SK, Wang S, Quezado MM, Keutgen XM, Wu X, Cam M, Kumar S, Patel D, Nilubol N, Tyagi MV, Kebebew E. Distinct genome-wide methylation patterns in sporadic and hereditary nonfunctioning pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. Cancer. 2019 04 15; 125(8):1247-1257. View in: PubMed

  25. Tierney JF, Kosche C, Schadde E, Ali A, Virmani S, Pappas SG, Poirier J, Keutgen XM. 68Gallium-DOTATATE positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET CT) changes management in a majority of patients with neuroendocrine tumors. Surgery. 2019 01; 165(1):178-185. View in: PubMed

  26. Tierney JF, Vogle A, Poirier J, Min IM, Finnerty B, Zarnegar R, Pappas SG, Scognamiglio T, Ghai R, Gattuso P, Fahey TJ, Keutgen XM. Expression of programmed death ligand 1 and 2 in adrenocortical cancer tissues: An exploratory study. Surgery. 2019 01; 165(1):196-201. View in: PubMed

  27. Tierney JF, Chivukula SV, Wang X, Pappas SG, Schadde E, Hertl M, Poirier J, Keutgen XM. Resection of primary tumor may prolong survival in metastatic gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. Surgery. 2019 03; 165(3):644-651. View in: PubMed

  28. Keutgen XM, Schadde E, Pommier RF, Halfdanarson TR, Howe JR, Kebebew E. Metastatic neuroendocrine tumors of the gastrointestinal tract and pancreas: A surgeon's plea to centering attention on the liver. Semin Oncol. 2018 08; 45(4):232-235. View in: PubMed

  29. Shell J, Keutgen XM, Millo C, Nilubol N, Patel D, Sadowski S, Boufraqech M, Yang L, Merkel R, Atallah C, Herscovitch P, Kebebew E. 68-Gallium DOTATATE scanning in symptomatic patients with negative anatomic imaging but suspected neuroendocrine tumor. Int J Endocr Oncol. 2018 Feb; 5(1):IJE04. View in: PubMed

  30. Tirosh A, El Lakis M, Green P, Nockel P, Patel D, Nilubol N, Gara SK, Keutgen XM, Linehan WM, Kebebew E. In silico VHL Gene Mutation Analysis and Prognosis of Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors in von Hippel-Lindau Disease. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2018 04 01; 103(4):1631-1638. View in: PubMed

  31. Tirosh A, Papadakis GZ, Millo C, Hammoud D, Sadowski SM, Herscovitch P, Pacak K, Marx SJ, Yang L, Nockel P, Shell J, Green P, Keutgen XM, Patel D, Nilubol N, Kebebew E. Prognostic Utility of Total 68Ga-DOTATATE-Avid Tumor Volume in Patients With Neuroendocrine Tumors. Gastroenterology. 2018 03; 154(4):998-1008.e1. View in: PubMed

  32. Keutgen XM, Kumar S, Gara SK, Boufraqech M, Agarwal S, Hruban RH, Nilubol N, Quezado M, Finney R, Cam M, Kebebew E. Transcriptional alterations in hereditary and sporadic nonfunctioning pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors according to genotype. Cancer. 2018 02 01; 124(3):636-647. View in: PubMed

  33. Deal R, Frederiks C, Williams L, Olthof PB, Dirscherl K, Keutgen X, Chan E, Deziel D, Hertl M, Schadde E. Rapid Liver Hypertrophy After Portal Vein Occlusion Correlates with the Degree of Collateralization Between Lobes-a Study in Pigs. J Gastrointest Surg. 2018 02; 22(2):203-213. View in: PubMed

  34. Tirosh A, Papadakis GZ, Millo C, Sadowski SM, Herscovitch P, Pacak K, Marx SJ, Yang L, Nockel P, Shell J, Green P, Keutgen XM, Patel D, Nilubol N, Kebebew E. Association between neuroendocrine tumors biomarkers and primary tumor site and disease type based on total 68Ga-DOTATATE-Avid tumor volume measurements. Eur J Endocrinol. 2017 May; 176(5):575-582. View in: PubMed

  35. Babic B, Keutgen X, Nockel P, Miettinen M, Millo C, Herscovitch P, Patel D, Nilubol N, Cochran C, Gorden P, Kebebew E. Insulinoma Due to Multiple Pancreatic Microadenoma Localized by Multimodal Imaging. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2016 10; 101(10):3559-3563. View in: PubMed

  36. Keutgen XM, Nilubol N, Agarwal S, Welch J, Cochran C, Marx SJ, Weinstein LS, Simonds WF, Kebebew E. Reoperative Surgery in Patients with Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 Associated Primary Hyperparathyroidism. Ann Surg Oncol. 2016 12; 23(Suppl 5):701-707. View in: PubMed

  37. Nockel P, Millo C, Keutgen X, Klubo-Gwiezdzinska J, Shell J, Patel D, Nilubol N, Herscovitch P, Sadowski SM, Kebebew E. The Rate and Clinical Significance of Incidental Thyroid Uptake as Detected by Gallium-68 DOTATATE Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography. Thyroid. 2016 06; 26(6):831-5. View in: PubMed

  38. Keutgen XM, Hammel P, Choyke PL, Libutti SK, Jonasch E, Kebebew E. Evaluation and management of pancreatic lesions in patients with von Hippel-Lindau disease. Nat Rev Clin Oncol. 2016 09; 13(9):537-49. View in: PubMed

  39. Keutgen XM, Nilubol N, Kebebew E. Malignant-functioning neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas: A survival analysis. Surgery. 2016 May; 159(5):1382-9. View in: PubMed

  40. Keutgen XM, Nilubol N, Glanville J, Sadowski SM, Liewehr DJ, Venzon DJ, Steinberg SM, Kebebew E. Resection of primary tumor site is associated with prolonged survival in metastatic nonfunctioning pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. Surgery. 2016 Jan; 159(1):311-8. View in: PubMed

  41. Sadowski SM, Millo C, Neychev V, Aufforth R, Keutgen X, Glanville J, Alimchandani M, Nilubol N, Herscovitch P, Quezado M, Kebebew E. Feasibility of Radio-Guided Surgery with 68Gallium-DOTATATE in Patients with Gastro-Entero-Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors. Ann Surg Oncol. 2015 Dec; 22 Suppl 3:S676-82. View in: PubMed

  42. Keutgen XM, Sadowski SM, Kebebew E. Management of anaplastic thyroid cancer. Gland Surg. 2015 Feb; 4(1):44-51. View in: PubMed

  43. Erler P, Keutgen XM, Crowley MJ, Zetoune T, Kundel A, Kleiman D, Beninato T, Scognamiglio T, Elemento O, Zarnegar R, Fahey TJ. Dicer expression and microRNA dysregulation associate with aggressive features in thyroid cancer. Surgery. 2014 Dec; 156(6):1342-50; discussion 1350. View in: PubMed

  44. Keutgen XM, Petrowsky H. Procurement for visceral organ transplantation: where to cannulate and how to perfuse? Curr Opin Organ Transplant. 2014 Apr; 19(2):92-9. View in: PubMed

  45. Keutgen XM, Filicori F, Fahey TJ. Molecular diagnosis for indeterminate thyroid nodules on fine needle aspiration: advances and limitations. Expert Rev Mol Diagn. 2013 Jul; 13(6):613-23. View in: PubMed

  46. Filicori F, Stock C, Schweitzer AD, Keutgen XM, Lagratta MD, Zarnegar R, Fahey TJ. Three-dimensional CT volumetry predicts outcome of laparoscopic splenectomy for splenomegaly: retrospective clinical study. World J Surg. 2013 Jan; 37(1):52-8. View in: PubMed

  47. Filicori F, Keutgen XM, Zanello M, Ercolani G, Di Saverio S, Sacchetti F, Pinna AD, Grazi GL. Prognostic criteria for postoperative mortality in 170 patients undergoing major right hepatectomy. Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int. 2012 Oct; 11(5):507-12. View in: PubMed

  48. Bernie AM, Schwanke T, Keutgen X, Spigland N. Reduction en masse in a 7-year-old boy: an interesting case. J Pediatr Surg. 2012 May; 47(5):E19-20. View in: PubMed

  49. Keutgen XM, Buitrago D, Filicori F, Kundel A, Elemento O, Fahey TJ, Zarnegar R. Calcimimetics versus parathyroidectomy for treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism: retrospective chart analysis of a prospective database. Ann Surg. 2012 May; 255(5):981-5. View in: PubMed

  50. Keutgen XM, Filicori F, Crowley MJ, Wang Y, Scognamiglio T, Hoda R, Buitrago D, Cooper D, Zeiger MA, Zarnegar R, Elemento O, Fahey TJ. A panel of four miRNAs accurately differentiates malignant from benign indeterminate thyroid lesions on fine needle aspiration. Clin Cancer Res. 2012 Apr 01; 18(7):2032-8. View in: PubMed

  51. Di Saverio S, Catena F, Filicori F, Ansaloni L, Coccolini F, Keutgen XM, Giugni A, Coniglio C, Biscardi A, Cavallo P, Mengoli F, Masetti M, Cinquantini F, Gordini G, Tugnoli G. Predictive factors of morbidity and mortality in grade IV and V liver trauma undergoing perihepatic packing: single institution 14 years experience at European trauma centre. Injury. 2012 Sep; 43(9):1347-54. View in: PubMed

  52. Tomás G, Tarabichi M, Gacquer D, Hébrant A, Dom G, Dumont JE, Keutgen X, Fahey TJ, Maenhaut C, Detours V. A general method to derive robust organ-specific gene expression-based differentiation indices: application to thyroid cancer diagnostic. Oncogene. 2012 Oct 11; 31(41):4490-8. View in: PubMed

  53. Filicori F, Keutgen XM, Buitrago D, AlDailami H, Crowley M, Fahey TJ, Zarnegar R. Risk stratification of indeterminate thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsy specimens based on mutation analysis. Surgery. 2011 Dec; 150(6):1085-91. View in: PubMed

  54. Buitrago D, Keutgen XM, Crowley M, Filicori F, Aldailami H, Hoda R, Liu YF, Hoda RS, Scognamiglio T, Jin M, Fahey TJ, Zarnegar R. Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is upregulated in aggressive papillary thyroid carcinoma. Ann Surg Oncol. 2012 Mar; 19(3):973-80. View in: PubMed

  55. Stock C, Keutgen XM, Pisapia D, Crawford C, Zarnegar R. Heterotopic pancreatic neoplasm presenting as an obstructing mass at the fourth portion of the duodenum. JOP. 2011 May 06; 12(3):241-3. View in: PubMed

  56. Kato MA, Buitrago D, Moo TA, Keutgen XM, Hoda RS, Ricci JA, Christos PJ, Yang G, Fahey TJ, Zarnegar R. Predictive value of cytologic atypia in indeterminate thyroid fine-needle aspirate biopsies. Ann Surg Oncol. 2011 Oct; 18(10):2893-8. View in: PubMed

  57. Zetoune T, Keutgen X, Buitrago D, Aldailami H, Shao H, Mazumdar M, Fahey TJ, Zarnegar R. Prophylactic central neck dissection and local recurrence in papillary thyroid cancer: a meta-analysis. Ann Surg Oncol. 2010 Dec; 17(12):3287-93. View in: PubMed

  58. Keutgen XM, Filicori F, Lee SW, Zarnegar R. En bloc right hemicolectomy and pancreaticoduodenectomy for HNPCC with simultaneous mutations of MSH-2 and MSH-6. Int J Colorectal Dis. 2011 Apr; 26(4):527-9. View in: PubMed

  59. Hachem RY, Boktour MR, Hanna HA, Husni R, Hanna EY, Keutgen X, Shukrallah B, Raad II. Sinus surgery combined with antifungal therapy is effective in the treatment of invasive Aspergillus sinusitis in neutropenic patients with cancer. Infection. 2008 Dec; 36(6):539-42. View in: PubMed

  60. Raad II, Fang X, Keutgen XM, Jiang Y, Sherertz R, Hachem R. The role of chelators in preventing biofilm formation and catheter-related bloodstream infections. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2008 Aug; 21(4):385-92. View in: PubMed

  61. Megerle K, Keutgen X, Müller M, Germann G, Sauerbier M. Treatment of scaphoid non-unions of the proximal third with conventional bone grafting and mini-Herbert screws: an analysis of clinical and radiological results. J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2008 Apr; 33(2):179-85. View in: PubMed

  62. Keutgen X, Hachem R, Jiang Y, Pham-Williams T, Tarrand J, Raad I. A comparison of galactomannan-ELISA and a newly developed galactomannan-LATEX test in the serologic diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis in patients with hematologic malignancies. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2007 Sep; 26(9):655-8. View in: PubMed